- Read characters from a channel
- read ?-nonewline? channelId
- read channelId number-of-characters
Reads a sequence of characters from the specified channel. The read characters are returned as the result of the command.
When the channeId
is in blocking
mode, if a number-of-characters
was specified that many characters will be read (except if EOF is encountered first), and without an exact number of characters to read the command will read everything until it encounters EOF (discarding the last newline if -nonewline
In the case of a non-blocking channel, the read
command will try its best to get the specified number of characters or until no more are available when no count is given (in which case the last newline will be discarded if -nonewline
is given), but will bail out if the internal buffers of Tcl are empty and the underlying OS structure incapable of delivering more input. When this happens the command will just return the characters it could read; eof
can be used to determine the reason for a short read.
When Working with binary data
make sure the channel was configured with -translation binary
. Only then it is allowed to equate characters and bytes.
As is said in tcllib, it's better to "use the [file size] command to get the size, which preallocates memory, rather than trying to grow it as the read progresses."
read channelId [file size $_filename]
rather than just
Or use the fileutil::cat
command instead where this is implemented.